Child, James Turner

CHILD, James Turner (1858-c. 1913) was born in England on 21 April 1858 and was educated and trained as an engineer. He articled as a student with Hopkins, Gilkes & Co. of Middlesborough, England and later worked with the Ordnance Survey for two years. Child emigrated to Canada in 1883 and settled in Winnipeg where he was engaged in drainage and reclamation work for the federal government. In Brandon he formed a partnership with Arthur T. Timewell, but the 1885 Rebellion forced them to terminate their business and Child then moved to Calgary. It was there that he met James L. Wilson and together they opened Calgary's first architectural practice in 1887. During the next twelve years they dominated the profession in that city and prepared impressive designs for several important institutional and commercial landmarks, often executed in a robust Romanesque Revival style using grey sandstone quarried from the nearby Elbow River banks. It was Child's partner however, who appears to have handled much of the design work in their office, leaving Child to offer his knowledge and expertise as an engineer to lay out the first sewer system in Calgary in 1893, as well as designing irrigation ditch systems in many communities in Southern Alberta. In January 1899 their partnership was terminated when Child was appointed Assistant Chief Engineer for the Northwest Government at Regina. He worked there for three years, and in 1902 moved to Lethbridge to supervise the Northwest Irrigation project. In 1903 he joined the C.P.R. as Divisional Engineer and in 1907 moved to British Columbia to lay out irrigation works for the railway. In early 1909 he accepted the appointment as City Engineer for Calgary and held that position until late 1913, but no references to his activity can be found after this date (biography and portrait in the Contract Record [Toronto], xxiii, 18 May 1910, 52; biography in NAC, MG 28, I 277, Vol. 2, Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, membership application form dated 27 July 1901)

CHILD & WILSON

(works in Calgary unless noted)

ALBERTA HOTEL, Stephen Avenue at Scarth Street, 1887-88 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 24 June 1887, 3, t.c.; list of works in Picturesque Calgary, 1900)
COCHRANE, ALTA., residence for G.E. Goddard, at the Bow River Horse Ranch, 1888 (dwgs. at the Glenbow Archives, Acc. M421)
HULL BROTHERS BLOCK, Stephen Avenue at McTavish Street, with stores, bank, concert hall and theatre, 1890 (Calgary Daily Herald, 17 Jan. 1890, 4)
CALGARY WATER WORKS PUMPING STATION, Reinach Avenue, 1890 (Calgary Daily Herald, 22 July 1890, 1)
8th AVENUE S.E., residence for A.E. Cross, 1891 (T. Soby, Be It Ever So Humble, 1975, plate 69)
CALGARY HARDWARE CO., Stephen Avenue, commercial block, 1891 (Calgary Weekly Herald, 29 April 1891, 8, t.c.)
CALGARY FIRE HALL, addition, 1891 (Calgary Weekly Herald, 29 July 1891, 8)
ALEXANDER BLOCK, Stephen Avenue at Scarth Street, 1891-92 (Calgary Weekly Herald, 6 Jan. 1892, 4, descrip.)
REINACH AVENUE, at The Boulevard, residence for J.B. Smith, 1891 (Calgary Weekly Herald, 6 Jan. 1892, 1, descrip.)
IMPERIAL BANK OF CANADA, Stephen Avenue at McTavish Street, major alterations to an existing block for a new bank, 1892 (Calgary Daily Herald, 24 March 1892, 2, t.c.; 18 May 1892, 1, descrip.)
RED DEER, ALTA., commercial block for John Sharples & Co., 1892 (Calgary Daily Herald, 17 May 1892, 4)
MacLEAN BLOCK, Stephen Avenue, for Wendell MacLean, 1892 (Calgary Daily Herald, 17 May 1892, 4)
CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL, 12th Avenue East at 7th Street, 1892 (Calgary Daily Herald, 20 May 1892, 4, descrip.; 26 May 1892, 4, descrip.; 11 May 1895, 2, descrip.)
OPERA HOUSE, Angus Avenue at McTavish Street, for W.R. Hull, 1892 (Calgary Daily Herald, 18 Oct. 1892, 4, descrip.)
SOUTH WARD SCHOOL, 13th Avenue S.W., 1893-94 (Calgary School Board, Minute Books 1885-1952, 84)
INDIAN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL, Section 35, Township 23, 1895-96 (Calgary Daily Herald, 26 Jan. 1895, 4, t.c.; 20 Oct. 1896, 4; C.A.B., x, Feb. 1897, 39)
15th AVENUE WEST, residence for C.D. Rickards, 1895 (Calgary Daily Herald, 23 Sept. 1895, 4, descrip.; list of works in Picturesque Calgary, 1900)
STAPLETON RANCHE, MONTGOMERY NEIGHBOURHOOD, major additions to residence for Oswald A. Critchley, MLA, near the Shouldice Bridge, 1896 (Daily Herald [Calgary], 23 June 1896, 4, t.c.)
BOW VALLEY RANCHE, a large residence for William Roper Hull, designed "...in the Elizabethan style of architecture", near Bow Bottom Trail SE at the junction of Fish Creek and the Bow River, 1897; restored 2014 and now operated as The Bow Valley Ranche Restaurant (Calgary Daily Herald, 28 Sept. 1897, 1 and 4, descrip.)
VICTORIA BLOCK, 8th Avenue East, c. 1897 (list of works in Picturesque Calgary, 1900)
REINACH AVENUE, residence for P. Turner Bone, c. 1897 (list of works in Picturesque Calgary, 1900)
14th AVENUE EAST, residence for John F. Costigan, c. 1898 (list of works in Picturesque Calgary, 1900)
unidentified street, residence for Judge David L. Scott, c. 1898 (list of works in Picturesque Calgary, 1900)
UNION BANK, 1898 (Calgary Weekly Herald, 15 Sept. 1898, 3; Daily Herald [Calgary], 27 Feb. 1899, 4, descrip.)

J.T. CHILD

REGINA, SASK., Victoria Hospital, Hamilton Street at 14th Avenue, 1900-01 (Weekly Leader [Regina], 31 Jan. 1901, 5, descrip.)