Herbert, Frederick Henry

HERBERT, Frederick Henry (1865-1914) was an important and successful Toronto architect who excelled in the design of sumptuous houses for wealthy clients residing in the fashionable neighbourhoods of Rosedale, The Annex, and in Parkdale. He was born in Bath, England, but no information can be found on his early education or training there. He arrived in Toronto in early 1887 and began an apprenticeship with Richard Ough. In January 1889 he commenced his own practice, and within five years he had emerged as a versatile and talented proponent of the Queen Anne style who, along with competitor E.J. Lennox, established a new standard for residential architecture in Toronto at the turn of the century. His work can often be recognized by the picturesque, asymmetrical free style plan and elevation which incorporates his characteristic circular corner tower, steep roofs and tall chimneys. His outstanding residential work is undoubtedly the robust Richardsonian Romanesque design for Thomas W. Horn, St. George Street (1898) which was clad entirely in sandstone. He was 'always willing to give his brother architects the benefit of his advice, and was known as a genial friend by a host of people outside his profession'. He died in Toronto on 17 September 1914 and was buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery. His practise was taken over by Frank S. Mallory who had worked for Herbert for several years. (obituary in the Mail & Empire [Toronto], 18 Sept. 1914, 4; Telegram [Toronto], 18 Sept. 1914, 10)

RESIDENTIAL

(works in Toronto unless noted)

GLOUCESTER STREET, near Church Street, two houses for James Hewlett, 1889 (Architectural Era [Syracuse], iii, March 1889, 76)
CARLTON STREET, at Parliament Street, stores and flats for James Hewlett, 1889 (Architectural Era [Syracuse], iii, April 1889, Supplement, 2)
DUNDAS STREET WEST, at Dovercourt Road, residence for George Davie, 1891 (C.R., ii, 3 Oct. 1891, 2)
JARVIS STREET, near Bloor Street East, pair of houses for James Hewlett, 1892, demol. (Toronto b.p. 869, 8 June 1892; C.A.B., vi, Dec. 1893, illus.)
SHERBOURNE STREET, north of Wellesley Street East, two houses for Charles Tyler, 1892, demol. (Toronto b.p. 889, 27 June 1892)
NORTH DRIVE, near Roxborough Avenue East, residence for Joseph Rowen, 1892 (Toronto b.p. 1159, 9 Nov. 1892)
D'ARCY STREET, near Spadina Avenue, row of nine houses for Robert Brown, 1893 (Toronto b.p. 1209, 10 Feb 1893)
WELLESLEY STREET EAST, at Homewood Place, residence for Henry Gooderham, 1893 (Toronto b.p. 1352, 5 June 1893)
WALMER ROAD, north of Bloor Street West, two houses for F.H. Herbert in Trust, 1893 (Toronto b.p., 1460, 27 Oct. 1893)
MADISON AVENUE, north of Lowther Avenue, residence for William H. Cormack, 1893 (Toronto b.p. 1477, 9 Nov. 1893)
SALISBURY AVENUE, near Sackville Street, two pairs of houses for William N. Eastwood, 1894 (Toronto b.p. 1548, 4 April 1894)
SPADINA ROAD, north of Lowther Avenue, pair of houses for A.R. Boswell and W.H. Kerr, 1894 (Toronto b.p. 1680, 19 June 1894)
YONGE STREET NORTH, residence for Dr. F. Armstrong, 1894 (C.R., v, 16 Aug. 1894, 1, t.c.)
WALMER ROAD, north of Bloor Street, two pairs of houses for Ambrose Kent, 1894 (Toronto b.p. 1744, 7 Sept. 1894)
WALMER ROAD, north of Bloor Street, residence for Archibald A. Dickson, 1894 (C.R., v, 18 Oct. 1894, 2)
MADISON AVENUE, at Bernard Avenue, residence for W.R. Wadsworth, 1895 (Toronto b.p. 1873, 17 April 1895)
SPENCER AVENUE, residence for William R. Cavell, 1895 (C.R., vi, 11 April 1895, 2)
MUSKOKA, ONT., summer residence for William Caldwell, Fisher Island, 1895 (C.R., vi, 30 May 1895, 2; C.R., vii, 16 April 1896, 3)
BLOOR STREET WEST, west of Avenue Road, residence for Thomas A. Rowan, 1896 (Toronto b.p. 3003, 10 Feb. 1896)
HURON STREET, north of Lowther Avenue, residence for Caleb Evans, 1896 (Toronto b.p. 3004, 10 Feb. 1896)
SPADINA AVENUE, at Lowther Avenue, pair of houses for Alexander Nelson, 1896 (Toronto b.p. 3227, 3 July 1896)
BEDFORD ROAD, south of Lowther Avenue, residence for Mrs. Annie Hills, 1896 (Toronto b.p. 3472, 24 Sept. 1896)
WALMER ROAD, north of Bloor Street, residence for Rev. Thomas Goldsmith, 1896 (C.R., vii, 24 Sept. 1896, 3)
LAMPORT AVENUE, residence for James L. Ross, 1896 (C.R., vii, 22 Oct. 1896, 2)
WALMER ROAD, north of Castle Avenue, residence for William Wellwood, 1896 (Toronto b.p. 3518, 25 Nov. 1896)
WALMER ROAD, at Castle Avenue, residence for Roger C. Clute, 1896 (Toronto b.p. 3517, 25 Nov. 1896)
ELGIN AVENUE, near Bedford Road, residence for an unnamed client, 1897 (Toronto b.p. 3076, 12 April 1897)
SPADINA ROAD, near Bloor Street West, residence for A. Nelson, 1897 (Toronto b.p. 3075, 12 April 1897)
ST. GEORGE STREET, near Bernard Avenue, pair of houses for A. Nelson, 1897 (Toronto b.p. 1, 22 April 1897)
WALMER ROAD, at Castle Avenue, residence for John A. McKee, 1897 (Toronto b.p. 72, 25 June 1897; 78, 12 April 1898; C.A.B., xii, Oct. 1899, illus.)
BLOOR STREET WEST, opposite McMaster Hall, residence for Mrs. G.E. Rowan, 1897 (C.R., viii, 21 Oct. 1897, 2)
SOUTH DRIVE, residence for Harry L. Stark, 1898 (Toronto b.p. 16, 21 Feb. 1898)
MAPLE AVENUE, residence for James Henderson, 1898 (Toronto b.p. 55, 26 March 1898; 135, 18 Nov. 1898)
MAY PLACE, residence for Emily L. Davies, 1898 (Toronto b.p. 79, 12 April 1898)
TORONTO ISLAND, cottage for Leslie G. Christie, 1898 (C.R., ix, 11 May 1898, 4, t.c.)
ST. GEORGE STREET, at Prince Arthur Street, residence for Thomas W. Horn, 1898 (C.R., ix, 18 May 1898, 4; C.A.B., xvi, Oct. 1903, illus.; P. McHugh, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, 1985, 233, illus.)
DELAWARE AVENUE, north of College Street, residence for Willis J. Parks, 1898 (Toronto b.p. 133, 18 Nov. 1898)
JARVIS STREET, south of Bloor Street East, residence for John Morison, 1898 (Toronto b.p. 136, 18 Nov. 1898)
COLLEGE STREET, pair of houses for Dr. G. Sterling Ryerson, 1898 (C.R., ix, 26 Oct. 1898, 1, t.c.)
MAPLE AVENUE, east of Sherbourne Street North, residence for Charles Stark, 1898 (Toronto b.p. 134, 18 Nov. 1898)
ELM AVENUE, near Sherbourne Street North, residence for Mrs. Mary E. Davies, 1898 (inf. from Toronto Historical Board)
MADISON AVENUE, near Bernard Avenue, three houses for Charles A. Dinnick, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 169, 17 Jan. 1899)
BEDFORD ROAD, near Bernard Avenue, pair of houses for Charles A. Dinnick, 1899 (C.R., x, 12 April 1899, 4, t.c.; Toronto b.p. 69, 15 May 1899)
BLOOR STREET WEST, near Bedford Road, residence for Roger C. Clute, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 65, 15 May 1899; 167, 9 May 1902)
LOWTHER AVENUE, near Walmer Road, residence for Ambrose Kent, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 62, 15 May 1899)
BLOOR STREET WEST, near Avenue Road, residence for Mrs. Ida S. Wardell, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 64, 15 May 1899)
CLASSIC AVENUE, pair of houses for Leslie G. Christie, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 66, 15 May 1899)
LOWTHER AVENUE, at Huron Street, residence for C.A. Dinnick, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 101, 29 May 1899)
ARGYLE STREET, pair of houses for James Aikenhead, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 100, 29 May 1899)
SHAW STREET, north of College Street, three pairs of houses for Andrew Nelson, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 254, 12 Sept. 1899)
LOWTHER AVENUE, near St. George Street, residence for George Reedy, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 253, 12 Sept. 1899)
GLEN ROAD, near Maple Avenue, residence for J. Stark & Co., 1899 (Toronto b.p. 7, 9 Oct. 1899)
JAMESON AVENUE, near King Street West, residence for George B. Leslie, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 10, 9 Oct. 1899)
BLOOR STREET WEST, at Spadina Road, pair of houses for Dr. G.S. Ryerson, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 63, 16 Nov. 1899)
MAPLE AVENUE, near Sherbourne Street, residence for James Henderson, 1899-1900 (Toronto b.p. 62, 16 Nov. 1899; 113, 9 Jan. 1900)
SHERBOURNE STREET NORTH, near Elm Avenue, residence for William H. Pearson, 1900 (Toronto b.p. 114, 9 Jan. 1900)
SOUTH DRIVE, at Dunbar Road, residence for Mrs. Ethel Herbert, 1900 (Toronto b.p. 249, 4 May 1900; C.A.B., xv, March 1902, illus.)
MADISON AVENUE, near Dupont Street, residence for William G. Kent, 1900 (Toronto b.p. 248, 4 May 1900)
HURON STREET, near Bloor Street West, pair of houses for Andrew Nelson, 1900 (Toronto b.p. 6, 30 May 1900; 196, 26 Sept. 1900)
HURON STREET, near Lowther Avenue, residence for Robert Mulholland, 1901 (Toronto b.p. 199, 17 April 1901)
GLEN ROAD, near Dale Avenue, residence for John M. Bond, 1901 (Toronto b.p. 262, 6 May 1901)
CRESCENT ROAD, near South Drive, residence for Charles Stark, 1901 (Toronto b.p. 59 & 60, 19 June 1901)
MANNING AVENUE, north of College Street, pair of houses for A. Nelson, 1901 (C.R., xii, 23 Oct. 1901, 3)
MAPLE AVENUE, at Glen Road, pair of houses for Joseph Henderson, 1902 (Toronto b.p. 188, 17 Jan. 1902)
GLEN ROAD, near Maple Avenue, residence for Gideon E. Henderson, 1902 (Toronto b.p. 7, 19 March 1902)
MANNING AVENUE, north of College Street, residence for Walter J. Chubb, 1902 (C.R., xiii, 12 March 1902, 5)
SOUTH DRIVE, residence for Richard D. Malcolm, 1902 (C.R., xiii, 23 April 1902, 4, t.c.)
MARKHAM STREET, north of College Street, residence for Robert Clayton, 1902 (Toronto b.p. 121, 23 April 1902)
KING STREET WEST, near Strachan Avenue, pair of houses for Mrs. Emily J. Morrison, 1902 (Toronto b.p. 84, 23 June 1902)
GRENVILLE STREET, near Bay Street, residence for William G. Jaffrey, 1902 (Toronto b.p. 531, 23 Oct. 1902)
LOWTHER AVENUE, at Brunswick Avenue, residence for Ambrose Kent, 1903 (Toronto b.p. 856, 16 March 1903)
HURON STREET, south of Bloor Street West, residence for Joseph G. Carroll, 1903 (Toronto b.p. 933, 31 March 1903)
CHURCH STREET, near Alexander Street, residence for Andrew Nicholson, 1903 (C.R., xiv, 15 July 1903, 3)
ELM AVENUE, near Sherbourne Street North, residence for Mrs. Esther N. Leadley, 1904 (Toronto b.p. 139, 2 April 1904; 346, 30 April 1904; Const. iii, July 1910, 109-10, illus.)
MADISON AVENUE, north of Bloor Street West, residence for James Henderson, 1904-05 (Toronto b.p. 165, 24 Dec. 1904; P. McHugh, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, 1985, 227)
MAPLE AVENUE, residence for George F. Haworth, 1905 (Toronto b.p. 419, 27 March 1905)
FARNHAM AVENUE, at Avenue Road, residence for W.R. Wilson, 1905 (C.R., xvi, 5 April 1905, 7; Const., iii, July 1910, 108-09, 111, illus. & descrip.)
AVENUE ROAD, at Heath Street, residence for John H. Eyre), 1905 (Toronto b.p. 1554, 24 July 1905; 5976, 20 Nov. 1906; Const., iii, July 1910, 108-10, illus. & descrip.)
AVENUE ROAD, near Farnham Avenue, residence for Azariah Clubb, 1905 (Toronto b.p. 2348, 27 Oct. 1905)
ELM AVENUE, at Sherbourne Street North, residence for Robert T. MacDonald, 1905 (Toronto b.p. 2584, 27 Nov. 1905)
HURON STREET, near Baldwin Street, three houses for William Duckworth, 1906 (C.R., xvii, 13 June 1906, 8, t.c.)
MAPLE AVENUE, at South Drive, residence for Joel Laishley, 1907 (Toronto b.p. 6587, 13 March 1907)
ST. GEORGE STREET, at Bloor Street West, residence for Joseph G. Carroll, 1907 (Toronto b.p. 6884, 8 April 1907)
AGNES STREET, at Elizabeth Street, apartment block for Harry Wineberg, 1907; demol. 1960 (Toronto b.p. 7051, 18 April 1907; Const., i, Nov. 1907, 49, 51, illus)
ELM AVENUE, near Sherbourne Street North, residence for Mrs. R.J. McLean, 1907 (Toronto b.p. 7993, 10 June 1907; Const., iii, July 1910, 108-09, 111, 113, illus. & descrip.)
OAKVILLE, ONT., residence for Joseph J. Follet, 1907 (C.R., xviii, 17 April 1907, 6)
CHESTNUT PARK ROAD, residence for William F. Turnbull, 1907 (Toronto b.p. 7287, 1 May 1907)
FOREST HILL ROAD, near St. Clair Avenue West, residence for George A. Walton, 1908 (Toronto b.p. 10729, 28 April 1908)
MIMICO, residence for Albert B. Ormsby, Lakeshore Boulevard West at Douglas Boulevard, c. 1908 (Const., iii, July 1910, 112-13, illus. & descrip.)
LAXTON AVENUE, near Jameson Avenue, residence for George Rathbone, 1909 (Toronto b.p. 14901, 24 April 1909)
PARKWOOD AVENUE, near St. Clair Avenue West, residence for Alexander Patterson, 1910 (Toronto b.p. 19896, 20 April 1910)
ROXBOROUGH STREET EAST, near Whitney Avenue, residence for Dr. L.F. Miller, 1910 (Toronto b.p. 22875, 23 Aug. 1910)
METROPOLITAN APARTMENTS, Lansdowne Avenue at Queen Street West, c. 1910 (NAC, MG30, B86, xvi, item 8, Catalogue for the Fenestra Steel Sash Co., Toronto, list of works, 44)
RUSHOLME ROAD, near Hepbourne Street, residence for John C. Holtby, 1911 (Toronto b.p. 30102, 2 Sept. 1911)

COMMERCIAL

YONGE STREET, north of Queen Street, store for Guinane Brothers., 1893 (C.R., iv, 23 Nov. 1893, 1-2)
KENT'S JEWELLERS, Yonge Street, north of Temperance Street, 1894 (The Globe [Toronto], 24 Nov. 1894, 20, descrip.; Toronto b.p. 1739, 29 Aug. 1894)
SOMERSET HOUSE HOTEL, Church Street at Carlton Street, for William Hopkins, 1895 (Toronto b.p. 1826, 22 Feb. 1895; Globe [Toronto], 29 June 1895, 9, list of works in advert.; P. McHugh, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, 1985, 173)
PALACE HOTEL, King Street West at Strachan Avenue, new houses and addition for George White, 1897 (Toronto b.p. 2, 22 April 1897)
DINEEN BUILDING, Yonge Street at Temperance Street, 1897; factory addition on Temperance Street, 1902 (Globe [Toronto], 31 July 1897, 3, illus. & descrip.; 13 Nov. 1897, 4, descrip.; C.A.B., x, Aug. 1897, illus. & descrip.; Toronto Star, 23 Oct.1897, 2, descrip.; Toronto b.p. 177, 18 July 1902; P. McHugh, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, 1985, 90)
MACFARLANE'S HOTEL, Jarvis Street near Adelaide Street East, 1898 (Toronto b.p. 77, 12 April 1898)
ONTARIO BANK, Queen Street West at Portland Street, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 202, 5 Aug. 1899; dwgs. at Bank of Montreal Premises Dept., Bloor Street West, Toronto)
OSSINGTON AVENUE, at Foxley Street, new facade and addition to store for Harry G. Horton, 1899 (C.R., x, 4 Oct. 1899, 3, t.c.)
ST. CATHARINES, ONT., major addition and alterations to Murray House Hotel, James Street near King Street, 1900-01 (Daily Standard [St. Catharines], 7 Nov. 1900, 1, descrip.)
KING STREET WEST, at Cowan Avenue, pharmacy and apartments for Richard M. Tuthill, 1901 (Toronto b.p. 204, 17 April 1901)
CARR STREET, at Denison Avenue, office and bakery for George Lawrence, 1904 (Toronto b.p. 671, 14 June 1904)
YONGE STREET, at Dundonald Street, store and residence for George Melhuish, 1905 (Toronto b.p. 665, 19 April 1905)
BELLEVILLE, ONT., rebuilding and addition of a new fourth floor for the Hotel Quinte, 1907 (C.R., xvii, 27 Feb. 1907, 4)
QUEEN STREET EAST, near Church Street, store and apartments for George Rathbone, 1909 (Toronto b.p. 15367, 20 May 1909; Const., ii, April 1909, 79)
CLUFF BUILDING, Church Street near Adelaide Street East, 1914 (Toronto b.p. 12373, 11 June 1914; dwgs. at City of Toronto Building Records Div.)
NORDHEIMER BUILDING, Yonge Street at Albert Street, 1914; demol. c. 1972 (Toronto b.p. 12405, 11 June 1914; C.R., xxxv, 3 Aug. 1921, 11, illus.)

INSTITUTIONAL

CLARKSBURG, ONT., St. George's Anglican Church, 1899 (C.R., x, 14 June 1899, 1; t.c.)
TORONTO ORTHOPAEDIC HOSPITAL, Bloor Street West near Bellair Street, additions and alterations, 1901 (Toronto b.p. 39, 31 Oct. 1901)
OWEN SOUND, ONT., Baptist Church, Tenth Street East at Fourth Avenue East, 1902 (C.R., xiii, 28 May 1902, 4)
WESTON, ONT., new pavilions for the National Sanatorium Association, on the Buttonwood Farm, 1903 (C.R., xiv, 19 Aug. 1903, 6)
BELLEVILLE, ONT., The Corby Public Library, a remodelling of the former Merchants Bank, Pinnacle Street, 1907 (C.R., xvii, 27 Feb. 1907, 8)
OSGOODE HALL, Queen Street West at University Avenue, new three storey addition, 1910 (Toronto b.p. 20980, 3 June 1910)
(with Ross & MacFarlane, Montreal) ARENA GARDENS, Mutual Street, north of Shuter Street, 1912-13; demol. (Evening Journal [Ottawa], 5 Aug. 1911, 5, descrip.; C.R., xxvi, 6 March 1912, 28, illus. in advert.)

INDUSTRIAL

JOHN LEE & CO., Liberty Street at Atlantic Avenue, factory, 1898, addition 1899; factory on Jefferson Avenue near Liberty Street, 1905 (C.R., ix, 8 June 1898, 6; x, 14 June 1899, 1, t.c.; Toronto b.p. 1519, 19 July 1905)
PATTERSON CANDY CO., Queen Street West near McCaul Street, store and factory, 1899 (Toronto b.p. 63, 15 May 1899)
PRESCOTT, ONT., Imperial Starch Co., factory, 1900 (C.R., xi, 20 June 1900, 5)
CONSUMER'S GAS CO., Front Street East near Parliament Street, storage building, 1900; retort house, 1901; addition, 1902; machine shop, 1904 (Toronto b.p. 42, 21 June 1900; 200, 17 April 1901; 503, 18 May 1904; C.R., xiii, 14 May 1902, 6)
TORONTO BRASS CO., Lombard Street near Jarvis Street, factory, 1902 (Toronto b.p. 532, 23 Oct. 1902)
CROWN CORK & SEAL CO., Front Street East near George Street, addition to factory, 1904 (Toronto b.p. 391, 5 May 1904)
THE TEXTILE BUILDING, Wellington Street West at Mincing Lane, for John W. Cowan, 1904-05; demol. 1964 (Toronto b.p. 921, 20 July 1904; 913, 19 May 1905)
PUGSLEY, DINGMAN & CO., Cawthra Avenue near St. Clair Avenue West, warehouse, 1905 (C.R., xvi, 5 April 1905, 1, t.c.)
EDMANSON, BATES, & CO., Adelaide Street West at Duncan Street, warehouse for Dr. Chase's Medicine Co., 1906-07 (Toronto b.p. 6094, 6 Dec. 1906; Toronto World, 24 Jan 1907, 5, descrip.)
CHARLES ROGERS & SONS CO., MacDonnell Square near Defoe Street, factory, 1907 (Toronto b.p. 6615, 14 March 1907)
KING RADIATOR CO., St. Helen's Avenue at Dora Street, machine shop, 1907 (Toronto b.p. 7186, 26 April 1907)
SOMERVILLE LTD., St. Helen's Avenue near Bloor Street West, factory, 1907 (Toronto b.p. 8216, 24 June 1907)
CONSUMER'S GAS CO., Eastern Avenue near McGee Street, boiler house, condenser house and office, 1907 (Toronto b.p. 9012, 4 Sept. 1907; 9595, 19 Nov. 1907)
BIGLEY MFR. CO., Macdonnell Avenue near Sorauren Avenue, foundry and machine shops, 1908 (Toronto b.p. 11723, 6 July 1908; C.R., xxiii, 27 Jan. 1909, 21, t.c.)
SUNBEAM INCANDESCENT LAMP CO., Dufferin Street near King Street West, factory, 1908 (Toronto b.p. 11885, 20 July 1908; Canadian Electrical News [Toronto], xviii, June 1909, 61, illus. & descrip.)
CANADA METAL CO., Fraser Avenue near Liberty Street, factory buildings, 1908-11 (Toronto b.p. 11639, 27 June 1908, 12690, 25 Sept. 1908; 14149, 11 March 1909; 23837, 19 Oct. 1910; C.R., xxv, 15 March 1911, 55, t.c.)
PORT PERRY, ONT., Webster Gas Engine Co., foundry, 1908 (C.R., xxii, 25 Nov. 1908, 27)
KINDEL BED CO., Clifford Street, factory, 1909 (C.R., xxiii, 5 May 1909, 21)
FARAMEL LTD., Dupont Street, east of Spadina Road, warehouse, 1910 (Toronto b.p. 23938, 21 Oct. 1910)
ALUMINIUM & CROWN STOPPER CO., King Street East at Parliament Street, factory, 1911 (Toronto b.p. 28429, 27 June 1911; P. McHugh, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, 1985, 40, illus.)
REILLY MFR. CO., King Street West near Spadina Avenue, 1911 (C.R., xxv, 19 July 1911, 64, t.c.)
REINHARDT-SALVADOR BREWERY LTD., Mark Street near River Street, factory, 1911 (Toronto b.p. 26666, 25 April 1911)
GENERAL FIRE EXTINGUISHER CO., Dundas Street West, north of Bloor Street West, factory, 1912 (C.R., xxvi, 14 Feb. 1912, 70, t.c.)
IDEAL BEDDING CO., Jefferson Avenue near Liberty Street, factory, 1912 (Toronto b.p. 35716, 2 July 1912)